Amalgam Fillings: A silver amalgam filling is used to repair a tooth that is affected by decay, cracks, fractures, etc. The decayed or affected portion of the tooth will be removed and then filled with a silver filling. There are many types of filling materials available, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. You and your dentist can discuss the best options for restoring your teeth. Amalgam fillings, along with composite (tooth colored) fillings, are the most widely used today. An amalgam filling is more commonly used in the back teeth since the color is not as aesthetic as a composite filling. As with most dental restorations, amalgam fillings are not permanent and may someday need replacement. They are very durable, and will last many years, giving you a long lasting smile. Reasons for Amalgam Fillings: -Cracked or broken teeth. -Decayed teeth.
Composite (White) Fillings: A composite (tooth colored) filling is used to repair a tooth that is affected by decay, cracks, fractures, etc. The decayed or affected portion of the tooth will be removed and then filled with a composite filling. There are many types of filling materials available, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. You and your dentist can discuss the best options for restoring your teeth. Composite fillings, along with silver amalgam fillings, are the most widely used today. Because composite fillings are tooth colored, they can be closely matched to the color of existing teeth, and are more aesthetically suited for use in front teeth or the more visible areas of the teeth. As with most dental restorations, composite fillings are not permanent and may someday have to be replaced. They are very durable, and will last many years, giving you a long lasting, beautiful smile. Reasons for composite fillings: -Chipped teeth. -Closing space between two teeth. -Cracked or broken teeth. -Decayed teeth. -Worn teeth
Crowns (Caps): A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size. A crown protects and strengthens tooth structure that cannot otherwise be restored with fillings or other types of restorations. Although there are several types of crowns, porcelain (tooth colored crown) are the most popular. They are highly durable and will last many years, but like most dental restorations, they may eventually need to be replaced. Porcelain crowns are made to match the shape, size, and color or your teeth giving you a natural, long-lasting beautiful smile. Gold is another material that can be used to make crowns. The doctors may recommend gold in areas of high stress as it is impossible for gold to fracture. Reasons for Crowns: -Broken or fractured teeth. -Cosmetic enhancement. -Decayed teeth. -Fractured fillings. -Large fillings. -Tooth has a root canal. What does getting a crown involve? A crown procedure usually requires two appointments. Your first appointment will include taking several highly accurate molds (or impressions) that will be used to create your custom crown. A mold will also be used to create a temporary crown which will stay on your tooth for approximately three weeks until your new crown is fabricated by a dental laboratory. While the tooth is numb, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any decay and shaping the surface to properly fit the crown. Once these details are accomplished, your temporary crown will be placed with temporary cement and your bite will be checked to ensure you are biting properly. At your second appointment your temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will be cleaned, and your new crown will be carefully placed to ensure the spacing and bite are accurate. You will be given care instructions and encouraged to have regular dental visits to check your new crown.
Onlays: Onlays are a type of restorations that ususally involves protection of one of the cusps (points) of the teeth. Onlays are recommended when a large restoration is needed to cover one or more cusps, but the tooth is not damaged to the extent that would require a crown. An onlay is bigger than a filling but smaller and more conservative than a crown. The doctors usually use gold for the fabrication of their onlays, but porcelain can be used in some cases. Reasons for Onlays: -Broken or fractured teeth -Decayed teeth -Large filling with underlying decay -Not enough remaining tooth structure for a filling but still want a conservative option. The procedure for getting an onlay is almost identical to that of a crown.
Bridgework: A dental bridge is a fixed (non-removable) appliance and is an excellent way to replace missing teeth. There are several types of bridges. You and your dentist will discuss the best options for your particular case. The traditional bridge is the most popular type and is usually made of porcelain fused to metal. This type of bridge consists to two crowns that go over two anchoring teeth (abutment teeth) and are attached to pontics (artificial teeth), filling the gap created by one or more missing teeth. Dental bridges are highly durable and will last many years, however they may need replacement or need to be re-cemented due to normal wear. Reasons for a fixed bridge: -Fill space of missing teeth. -Maintain facial shape. -Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position. -Restore chewing and speaking ability. -Restore your smile. -Upgrade from a removable partial denture to a permanent dental appliance. The procedure for a fixed bridge is similar to a crown, with the exception of one additional appointment. The doctors will often have you come back into the office to try in the framework of the bridge to ensure a good fit. Fixed bridges usually take 3 appointments to complete.
Dental Implants: Dental implants are a great way to replace missing teeth and also provide a fixed solution to having removable partial or complete dentures. Implants provide excellent support and stability for these dental appliances. Dental implants are artificial roots and teeth (usually titanium) that are surgically placed into the upper or lower jaw bone by an Oral Surgeon or Periodontist - a specialist of the gums and supporting bone. The teeth attached to implants are very natural looking and often enhance or restore a patients smile! Dental implants are very strong, stable, and durable and will last many years. Reasons for Dental Implants: -Replace one or more missing teeth without affecting adjacent teeth. -Resolve joint pain or bite problems caused by teeth shifting into missing tooth space. -Restore a patients confident smile. -Restore chewing, speech, and digestion. -Restore or enhance facial tissues. -Support a bridge or denture, making them more secure and comfortable.
Root Canal Therapy: Root canal therapy is needed when the nerve of a tooth is affected by decay or infection. In order to save the tooth, the pulp (the living tissue inside the tooth), nerves, bacteria, and any decay are removed and the resulting space is filled with special, medicated, dental materials, which restore the tooth to its full function. Having a root canal done on a tooth is the treatment of choice to save a tooth that otherwise would have to be removed. Many patients believe that removing a tooth that has problems is the solution, but what is not realized is that extracting (pulling) a tooth will ultimately be more costly and cause significant problems for adjacent teeth. Root canal treatment is highly successful and usually lasts a lifetime, although on occasion, a tooth will have to be retreated due to new infections. Signs and Symptoms For Possible Root Canal Therapy: -An abscess (or pimple) on the gums. -Lingering sensitivity to hot and cold. -Constant severe toothache pain. -Swelling and/or tenderness. -Sometimes no symptoms are present.
Dentures and Partial Dentures: A denture is a removable or semi-removable dental appliance replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissue. They are made to closely resemble your natural teeth and may even enhance your smile. There are two types of dentures - complete and partial dentures. Complete dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain. A Partial denture not only fills in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from shifting. A Complete denture may be either conventional or immediate. A conventional type is made when the patient has previously had his or her teeth removed. Immediate dentures are made when a patient needs to have his or her teeth out and need teeth immediately after the surgery. An immediate denture is made in advance and immediately placed after the teeth are removed, thus preventing the patient from having to be without teeth during the healing process. As the tissues shrink and heal, soft relines are done to adjust for the changes that are taking place as the healing process moves along. About 6 months after surgery, the soft reline material is removed and a hard permanent material is placed. This is the patients completed denture! Dentures are very durable appliances and will last many years, but may have to be remade, repaired, readjusted or relined due to normal wear. We can assess the state of your dentures at your yearly appointment. An excellent option for denture wearers is to have implants placed and have their denture attached to the implants. There are many options for implant retained dentures. We can even permanently place a denture on your lower or upper jaw that you cannot remove. It acts like your own teeth in every way!! Our patients always tell us that they wish they had done it sooner! Please come in and talk to us about the different implant options you have if you currently wear dentures or you know or think you need them Reasons for Dentures: Complete Denture - Loss of all teeth in an arch. Partial Denture - Loss of several teeth in an arch. Enhancing smile and facial tissues. Improving chewing, speech, and digestion.
1200 W Warner Rd Ste 12 Chandler, AZ 85224 (480) 899-0222 MikeCooley@cooleymarinoff.com
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